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JAYPEE JOURNALS
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1.  Case Report
Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report
Neena.I.E, Ananthraj.A, Ashwini.B.L
[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:122-123] [No of Hits : 1058]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Anterior dental crossbites are one of the most common orthodontic problems that we observe in growing children. Anterior crossbite correction in early mixed dentition is highly recommended as this kind ofmalocclusion do not diminish with age. Uncorrected anterior crossbite may lead to abnormal wear of the lower incisors, dental compensation of mandibular incisors leading to thinning of labial alveolar plate and/or gingival recession. There are several methods for solving this problem. This paper reports a n case of anterior crossbite, which was corrected using the Hawley’s appliance with double cantilever spring in a short period of 3 - 4 weeks without causing any damage to the tooth or the periodontium.

Conclusion: Dental anterior cross-bite involving one or more teeth can be corrected by means of double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane.

Keywords: Crossbite, Hawley’s appliance, early orthodontic intervention

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Anantharaj A, Ashwini BL. Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report. CODS J Dent 2014;6;122-123

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.

 
2.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative Evaluation of 0.1% Turmeric Mouthwash with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Prevention of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Clinical Study
Divya Nagunuri, GA Babitha, Shobha Prakash
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:16-20] [No of Hits : 170]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0005 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental plaque has been proved by extensive research to be a paramount factor in initiation and progression of gingival and periodontal diseases. Among chemical means, chlorhexidine mouthwash is regarded as the gold standard in dentistry in prevention of dental plaque. Chlorhexidine mouthwash, though effective, has certain side effects, such as brown discoloration of teeth, oral mucosal erosion, etc. Hence, there is need of an alternative medicine enmeshed within precious traditional Indian herbal therapy which is efficient, safe, and economical. Turmeric possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties along with hepatoprotective, immune stimulant, antiseptic, antimutagenic properties, etc.

Objectives: This study was conducted to explore and prove the clinical efficacy of 0.1% turmeric mouthwash in mild and moderate gingivitis patients.

Materials and methods: Sixty patients with moderate gingivitis were included and divided into two equal groups: Experimental (0.1% turmeric mouthwash) and control group (0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate). The clinical parameters evaluation was done on day 0 and day 21.

Results: On intragroup comparison, statistically significant reduction in clinical parameters (plaque index, gingival index, gingival bleeding index) was seen in both groups on day 21, but on intergroup comparison, no statistically significant reduction in clinical parameters was seen on day 21 between the groups.

Conclusion: Hence, it can be concluded that 0.1% turmeric mouthwash possesses antiplaque and anti-inflammatory properties which has been proven through clinical evaluation and it was almost equally effective when compared with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in moderate gingivitis patients.

Keywords: Chlorhexidine, Dental plaque, Dental plaque index, Gingivitis, Gluconates.

How to cite this article: Nagunuri D, Babitha GA, Prakash S. Comparative Evaluation of 0.1% Turmeric Mouthwash with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Prevention of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Clinical Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):16-20.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  CASE REPORT
Management of Mesiodens and ectopically Erupted Central Incisor
NB Nagaveni, P Poornima, Anila Valsan, Mebin George Mathew
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:49-53] [No of Hits : 92]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0012 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Pediatric dentists come across children and developing malocclusion at the earliest, early recognition and interception could avoid long-term laborious orthodontic treatment. Mesiodens are the most common supernumerary teeth, in the central region of the premaxilla, between the two central incisors, which may be the cause for a variety of irregularities in the developing occlusion, in particular, can lead to the impaction or ectopic eruption of adjacent permanent teeth, in the most esthetically important zone. Presented here is a case of management of ectopically erupted right permanent central incisor caused due to supernumerary tooth.

Keywords: Ectopic eruption, Mesiodens, Orthodontic treatment, Supplemental.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Poornima P, Valsan A, Mathew MG. Management of Mesiodens and ectopically Erupted Central Incisor. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):49-53.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
A Survey regarding Maternal Awareness about Oral Hygiene and Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in 3- to 6-year-old Children in Davangere, Karnataka, India
IE Neena, P Poornima, Yanina Singh, Abraham Ashwin Bahanan, SB Meghana
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:6-8] [No of Hits : 84]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0002 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To create awareness among the parents (mothers) about early childhood caries (ECC), to provide information, and to check knowledge about oral hygiene measures.

Materials and methods: A total of 382 children aged 3 to 6 years were examined from play homes and schools in Davangere, Karnataka, India, by the modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System criteria. A questionnaire was given to all the mothers of the examined children to fill in the details to create awareness among mother’s oral hygiene measures. The collected data were then analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 17.0 software) to assess the prevalence of ECC and knowledge regarding ECC among mothers.

Results: About 64.7% of mothers clean their child’s mouth after feeding, 40.1% started practicing oral hygiene at the age of 12 months and practiced oral hygiene twice a day.

Conclusion: Results show that mothers were quite aware of oral hygiene measures. They know about the proper way of toothbrushing and also about the frequency of brushing.

Keywords: Early childhood caries, Maternal awareness, Oral hygiene.

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Poornima P, Singh Y, Bahanan AA, Meghana SB. A Survey regarding Maternal Awareness about Oral Hygiene and Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in 3- to 6-year-old Children in Davangere, Karnataka, India. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):6-8.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
5.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Cephalometric Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Remodeling following Anterior Teeth Retraction
Darshit Dhanani, G Shivaprakash
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:21-24] [No of Hits : 78]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0006 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the extent of the alveolar bone remodeling after incisor retraction using lateral cephalograms.

Materials and methods: Lateral cephalograms of 30 patients with age of 16 years and above requiring therapeutic extraction of both maxillary and mandibular first premolars, mainly for the purpose of retraction of anterior teeth, had been taken at the start of treatment and after retraction of anterior teeth. Various hard tissue anatomical landmarks were traced, and linear parameters of pretreatment (T1) and postretraction (T2) lateral cephalometric radiographs were measured. The mean and standard deviation were calculated, the data were tabulated, and comparison of T1 and T2 readings was made utilizing paired Student’s t-test.

Results: When maxillary incisors are retracted, the labial bone thickness at the midroot level (MxL2) and at apical level (MxL3) increased during upper incisor retraction. There was a significant reduction in alveolar bone thickness on the lingual/palatal side after maxillary and mandibular incisor retraction.

Conclusion: When tooth movement is limited, forcing the tooth against the cortical bone may cause adverse sequelae. This type of approach must be carefully monitored to avoid negative iatrogenic effects.

Keywords: Alveolar bone remodeling, Incisor retraction, Labial bone thickness, Lateral cephalograms.

How to cite this article: Dhanani D, Shivaprakash G. Cephalometric Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Remodeling following Anterior Teeth Retraction. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):21-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparing the Sealing Ability of Contemporary Restorative Materials
Repala R Navya, GB Shivamurthy
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:12-15] [No of Hits : 77]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The success of the root canal treatment mainly depends upon the three-dimensional obturation of the root canal system. The purpose of this study is to compare the sealing ability of biodentine, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and glass ionomer cement (GIC).

Materials and methods: Teeth were obturated with guttapercha using AH PLUS sealer in all groups. The intracanal sealing material used in group I was GIC, group II was MTA, and group III was biodentine. The specimens were longitudinally sectioned. Coronal microleakage was determined under a stereomicroscope using 15× magnification. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance followed by post hoc multiple comparisons (Bonferroni).

Results: Biodentine group leaked significantly less than the GIC group (p < 0.05). The sealing ability of biodentine was better than that of MTA, but the difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Biodentine or MTA may be preferred over GIC as an intracanal barrier.

Clinical significance: Biodentine or MTA can be used in areas where an impervious seal has to be obtained. They can also be used to seal the perforations in the coronal middle and apical thirds of the root canal. These materials have an ability to form a barrier during apexification procedures.

Keywords: AH PLUS sealer, Biodentine, Glass ionomer cement, Intracanal sealing, Mineral trioxide aggregate.

How to cite this article: Navya RR, Shivamurthy GB. Comparing the Sealing Ability of Contemporary Restorative Materials. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):12-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Marginal Fit of Polymethyl Methacrylate Provisional Restorative Material after Polymerization at Different Water Temperatures and after Relining: A Comparative Study
Priti Vasant Khandelwal, KT Roopa, CR Vijayalakshmi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:33-38] [No of Hits : 75]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0009 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Good fit at the margins of provisional crowns is essential to maintain gingival health and to protect teeth from physical, chemical, bacterial, and thermal injuries. Use of water at the time of curing of provisional crown and relining are advised to get best the marginal fit.
The purpose of this study is to compare marginal fit after complete polymerization at room temperature followed by relining and after polymerization at different temperatures of water of provisional restorative material [polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)].

Materials and methods: Eight provisional crowns of PMMA for groups A, A1, A2, and A3 were made using a precisely machined brass metal die simulating unprepared tooth and prepared tooth. The marginal fit of provisional crowns measured using stereomicroscope (0.5×10× magnification) at four different points to have 32 measurements in each group in micrometers (μm).

Results and conclusion: Intragroup comparison showed a statistically significant difference in marginal gap of all PMMA at 5 minutes of curing time and 10 minutes of storage time. Order of marginal gap was A3<A1<A2<A. The relining of provisional crowns showed the best marginal fit of all groups.

Keywords: Marginal fit, Polymethyl methacrylate, Storage time.

How to cite this article: Khandelwal PV, Roopa KT, Vijayalakshmi CR. Marginal Fit of Polymethyl Methacrylate Provisional Restorative Material after Polymerization at Different Water Temperatures and after Relining: A Comparative Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):33-38.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Evaluation and Comparison of the Surface Roughness and Porosity of Different Provisional Restorative Materials: An in vitro Study
G Vinaya Kumar, Renuka Devi, Nimmy Anto
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:39-45] [No of Hits : 71]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0010 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the surface roughness and porosity of different provisional restorative materials.

Materials and methods: Provisional restorative materials were divided into following three groups: Dental products of india (DPI), Protemp, Tempofit. For each group, wax block with 20 × 10 × 3 mm was made for making vinyl polysiloxane impression material to give 12 samples in each group of three different provisional restorative materials. The acrylic resin was inserted into the silicon impression mold. A total of 12 specimens of one material were obtained. The specimens were finished with the help of lathe using a sequence of grit sand paper. The surface roughness was verified with the help of a micron dial indicator. To facilitate the porosity readings, the specimens were immersed in dye for 2 hours. The number of pores in each area was determined with a stereomicroscope with magnification 1× 50× to check the porosity of three different provisional restorative materials. Values were subjected to statistical analysis.

Results: Analysis of variance (ANOVA) test was used to compare between Tempofit, Protemp, and DPI. The results obtained indicated that surface roughness of Protemp was least compared with Tempofit and DPI. The ANOVA test was used to check surface area of porosities in each provisional material, followed by Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney test (highly significant) (p < 0.001). The results obtained indicate that Protemp material showed the least number of porosities and minimal surface roughness followed by Tempofit and DPI. Henceforth, it can be concluded that among the three tested materials, Protemp was the best material which can be used for provisional restorations.

Conclusion: Surface roughness and porosity were compared among Protemp, Tempofit, and DPI material; the best results were obtained with the use of Protemp material which had shown the least number of porosities and minimal surface roughness.

Keywords: Dental products of india, Porosity, Protemp, Surface roughness, Tempofit.

How to cite this article: Kumar GV, Devi R, Anto N. Evaluation and Comparison of the Surface Roughness and Porosity of Different Provisional Restorative Materials: An in vitro Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):39-45.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
An in vitro Comparison of the Effect of Three Different Endodontic Medicaments on the Bond Strength of a Resin-based Endodontic Sealer to the Root Canal Dentin
Vasundhara Shivanna, Ravi Bhargavi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:28-32] [No of Hits : 67]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0008 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2], 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gel, and propolis when used as intracanal medicaments on the bond strength of a resin-based sealer (AH Plus Jet; Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) to the root dentin.

Materials and methods: Sixty freshly extracted single-rooted human teeth were utilized for this study and the crowns were decoronated. The root canals were instrumented and randomized into four groups according to the medicament used: Group I: Control; group II: Ca(OH)2; group III: CHX; group IV: Propolis. The specimens were stored for 10 days in 100% humidity at 37°C, and the intracanal dressings were removed by rinsing with 10 mL of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid followed by 10 mL of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, then obturated with guttapercha and AH Plus Jet sealer. A push-out test to measure the bond strength between the root canal dentin and the sealer was done. Two-way analysis of variance and Tukey’s post hoc pairwise tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The use of intracanal medicaments had shown to significantly influence the push-out bond strengths of the resin sealer used (p < 0.05). At coronal and middle thirds, there was no significant difference in bond strengths among all the four groups (p > 0.05). At apical third, the mean bond strength value for propolis group was significantly superior when compared with the other three groups (p < 0.05). The CHX group showed higher bond strength values at apical third compared with Ca(OH)2 and control groups, but it was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Propolis showed superior push-out bond strength than CHX, Ca(OH)2, and control groups at apical third, while no significant differences were observed among all the groups at coronal and middle thirds.

Keywords: AH Plus Jet, Bond strength, Calcium hydroxide, Chlorhexidine, Propolis, Push-out test.

How to cite this article: Shivanna V, Bhargavi R. An in vitro Comparison of the Effect of Three Different Endodontic Medicaments on the Bond Strength of a Resin-based Endodontic Sealer to the Root Canal Dentin. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):28-32

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  CASE REPORT
Management of Palatogingival Groove using the Innovative Tricalcium Silicate Material Biodentine™
NM Dhanyakumar, Soumya R Devasia
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:54-58] [No of Hits : 65]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0013 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Palatogingival grooves (PGG) are developmental malformations that cause endodontic-periodontal lesions. Owing to their inconspicuous occurrence, funnel-shaped morphology, and variable extent on tooth root, they promote adherence of plaque and bacteria to levels significant for the development of pathology. Several treatment approaches have been recognized in the literature for the management of this anomaly. Here, in this report, a 32-year-old female patient reported with the complaint of pain and swelling in maxillary left lateral incisor. Clinical examination confirmed an endodontic- periodontal lesion in relation to PGG. Endodontic treatment was instituted followed by odontoplasty of the groove and restoration with newer calcium silicate cement, Biodentine. Combined endodontic-periodontal approach was successful in resolving the pathology with complete healing seen both clinically and radiographically. Timely diagnosis, prevention, and management are highly recommended to prevent tooth loss due to complications arising secondary to their presence.

Keywords: Biodentine™, Developmental malformation, Maxillary lateral incisor, Palatogingival groove.

How to cite this article: Dhanyakumar NM, Devasia SR. Management of Palatogingival Groove using the Innovative Tricalcium Silicate Material Biodentine™. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):54-58.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
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