AUTHOR LOGIN Close
Please enter author credentials to view Author Manual
Username:
Password:  
   
for New Author Registration
JAYPEE JOURNALS
International Scientific Journals from Jaypee
Home Instructions Editorial Board Current Issue Pubmed Archives Subscription Advertisement Contact Us
 
LOGIN  
Username: Password:
 
New Author Registration | Forgot Password ?
 
 
 
Most Downloaded Articles of the Journal
 
 
List of All Articles
1.  Case Report
Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report
Neena.I.E, Ananthraj.A, Ashwini.B.L
[Year:2014] [Month:July-December] [Volume:6 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:122-123] [No of Hits : 805]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE

ABSTRACT

Anterior dental crossbites are one of the most common orthodontic problems that we observe in growing children. Anterior crossbite correction in early mixed dentition is highly recommended as this kind ofmalocclusion do not diminish with age. Uncorrected anterior crossbite may lead to abnormal wear of the lower incisors, dental compensation of mandibular incisors leading to thinning of labial alveolar plate and/or gingival recession. There are several methods for solving this problem. This paper reports a n case of anterior crossbite, which was corrected using the Hawley’s appliance with double cantilever spring in a short period of 3 - 4 weeks without causing any damage to the tooth or the periodontium.

Conclusion: Dental anterior cross-bite involving one or more teeth can be corrected by means of double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane.

Keywords: Crossbite, Hawley’s appliance, early orthodontic intervention

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Anantharaj A, Ashwini BL. Management of anterior teeth crossbite using double cantilever spring with posterior bite plane - A case report. CODS J Dent 2014;6;122-123

Source of support: Nil.

Conflict of interest: None Declared.

 
2.  CASE REPORT
Management of Mesiodens and ectopically Erupted Central Incisor
NB Nagaveni, P Poornima, Anila Valsan, Mebin George Mathew
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:49-53] [No of Hits : 45]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0012 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Pediatric dentists come across children and developing malocclusion at the earliest, early recognition and interception could avoid long-term laborious orthodontic treatment. Mesiodens are the most common supernumerary teeth, in the central region of the premaxilla, between the two central incisors, which may be the cause for a variety of irregularities in the developing occlusion, in particular, can lead to the impaction or ectopic eruption of adjacent permanent teeth, in the most esthetically important zone. Presented here is a case of management of ectopically erupted right permanent central incisor caused due to supernumerary tooth.

Keywords: Ectopic eruption, Mesiodens, Orthodontic treatment, Supplemental.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Poornima P, Valsan A, Mathew MG. Management of Mesiodens and ectopically Erupted Central Incisor. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):49-53.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
3.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparative Evaluation of 0.1% Turmeric Mouthwash with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Prevention of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Clinical Study
Divya Nagunuri, GA Babitha, Shobha Prakash
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:16-20] [No of Hits : 39]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0005 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Dental plaque has been proved by extensive research to be a paramount factor in initiation and progression of gingival and periodontal diseases. Among chemical means, chlorhexidine mouthwash is regarded as the gold standard in dentistry in prevention of dental plaque. Chlorhexidine mouthwash, though effective, has certain side effects, such as brown discoloration of teeth, oral mucosal erosion, etc. Hence, there is need of an alternative medicine enmeshed within precious traditional Indian herbal therapy which is efficient, safe, and economical. Turmeric possesses anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antimicrobial properties along with hepatoprotective, immune stimulant, antiseptic, antimutagenic properties, etc.

Objectives: This study was conducted to explore and prove the clinical efficacy of 0.1% turmeric mouthwash in mild and moderate gingivitis patients.

Materials and methods: Sixty patients with moderate gingivitis were included and divided into two equal groups: Experimental (0.1% turmeric mouthwash) and control group (0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate). The clinical parameters evaluation was done on day 0 and day 21.

Results: On intragroup comparison, statistically significant reduction in clinical parameters (plaque index, gingival index, gingival bleeding index) was seen in both groups on day 21, but on intergroup comparison, no statistically significant reduction in clinical parameters was seen on day 21 between the groups.

Conclusion: Hence, it can be concluded that 0.1% turmeric mouthwash possesses antiplaque and anti-inflammatory properties which has been proven through clinical evaluation and it was almost equally effective when compared with 0.2% chlorhexidine gluconate mouthwash in moderate gingivitis patients.

Keywords: Chlorhexidine, Dental plaque, Dental plaque index, Gingivitis, Gluconates.

How to cite this article: Nagunuri D, Babitha GA, Prakash S. Comparative Evaluation of 0.1% Turmeric Mouthwash with 0.2% Chlorhexidine Gluconate in Prevention of Plaque and Gingivitis: A Clinical Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):16-20.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
4.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
A Survey regarding Maternal Awareness about Oral Hygiene and Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in 3- to 6-year-old Children in Davangere, Karnataka, India
IE Neena, P Poornima, Yanina Singh, Abraham Ashwin Bahanan, SB Meghana
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:6-8] [No of Hits : 38]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0002 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To create awareness among the parents (mothers) about early childhood caries (ECC), to provide information, and to check knowledge about oral hygiene measures.

Materials and methods: A total of 382 children aged 3 to 6 years were examined from play homes and schools in Davangere, Karnataka, India, by the modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System criteria. A questionnaire was given to all the mothers of the examined children to fill in the details to create awareness among mother’s oral hygiene measures. The collected data were then analyzed using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (version 17.0 software) to assess the prevalence of ECC and knowledge regarding ECC among mothers.

Results: About 64.7% of mothers clean their child’s mouth after feeding, 40.1% started practicing oral hygiene at the age of 12 months and practiced oral hygiene twice a day.

Conclusion: Results show that mothers were quite aware of oral hygiene measures. They know about the proper way of toothbrushing and also about the frequency of brushing.

Keywords: Early childhood caries, Maternal awareness, Oral hygiene.

How to cite this article: Neena IE, Poornima P, Singh Y, Bahanan AA, Meghana SB. A Survey regarding Maternal Awareness about Oral Hygiene and Prevalence of Early Childhood Caries in 3- to 6-year-old Children in Davangere, Karnataka, India. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):6-8.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
5.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Marginal Fit of Polymethyl Methacrylate Provisional Restorative Material after Polymerization at Different Water Temperatures and after Relining: A Comparative Study
Priti Vasant Khandelwal, KT Roopa, CR Vijayalakshmi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:33-38] [No of Hits : 38]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0009 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background and objectives: Good fit at the margins of provisional crowns is essential to maintain gingival health and to protect teeth from physical, chemical, bacterial, and thermal injuries. Use of water at the time of curing of provisional crown and relining are advised to get best the marginal fit.
The purpose of this study is to compare marginal fit after complete polymerization at room temperature followed by relining and after polymerization at different temperatures of water of provisional restorative material [polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA)].

Materials and methods: Eight provisional crowns of PMMA for groups A, A1, A2, and A3 were made using a precisely machined brass metal die simulating unprepared tooth and prepared tooth. The marginal fit of provisional crowns measured using stereomicroscope (0.5×10× magnification) at four different points to have 32 measurements in each group in micrometers (μm).

Results and conclusion: Intragroup comparison showed a statistically significant difference in marginal gap of all PMMA at 5 minutes of curing time and 10 minutes of storage time. Order of marginal gap was A3<A1<A2<A. The relining of provisional crowns showed the best marginal fit of all groups.

Keywords: Marginal fit, Polymethyl methacrylate, Storage time.

How to cite this article: Khandelwal PV, Roopa KT, Vijayalakshmi CR. Marginal Fit of Polymethyl Methacrylate Provisional Restorative Material after Polymerization at Different Water Temperatures and after Relining: A Comparative Study. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):33-38.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
6.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Cephalometric Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Remodeling following Anterior Teeth Retraction
Darshit Dhanani, G Shivaprakash
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:21-24] [No of Hits : 34]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0006 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: To evaluate the extent of the alveolar bone remodeling after incisor retraction using lateral cephalograms.

Materials and methods: Lateral cephalograms of 30 patients with age of 16 years and above requiring therapeutic extraction of both maxillary and mandibular first premolars, mainly for the purpose of retraction of anterior teeth, had been taken at the start of treatment and after retraction of anterior teeth. Various hard tissue anatomical landmarks were traced, and linear parameters of pretreatment (T1) and postretraction (T2) lateral cephalometric radiographs were measured. The mean and standard deviation were calculated, the data were tabulated, and comparison of T1 and T2 readings was made utilizing paired Student’s t-test.

Results: When maxillary incisors are retracted, the labial bone thickness at the midroot level (MxL2) and at apical level (MxL3) increased during upper incisor retraction. There was a significant reduction in alveolar bone thickness on the lingual/palatal side after maxillary and mandibular incisor retraction.

Conclusion: When tooth movement is limited, forcing the tooth against the cortical bone may cause adverse sequelae. This type of approach must be carefully monitored to avoid negative iatrogenic effects.

Keywords: Alveolar bone remodeling, Incisor retraction, Labial bone thickness, Lateral cephalograms.

How to cite this article: Dhanani D, Shivaprakash G. Cephalometric Evaluation of Alveolar Bone Remodeling following Anterior Teeth Retraction. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):21-24.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
7.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Comparing the Sealing Ability of Contemporary Restorative Materials
Repala R Navya, GB Shivamurthy
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:12-15] [No of Hits : 33]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0004 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: The success of the root canal treatment mainly depends upon the three-dimensional obturation of the root canal system. The purpose of this study is to compare the sealing ability of biodentine, mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), and glass ionomer cement (GIC).

Materials and methods: Teeth were obturated with guttapercha using AH PLUS sealer in all groups. The intracanal sealing material used in group I was GIC, group II was MTA, and group III was biodentine. The specimens were longitudinally sectioned. Coronal microleakage was determined under a stereomicroscope using 15× magnification. Data were statistically analyzed using one-way analysis of variance followed by post hoc multiple comparisons (Bonferroni).

Results: Biodentine group leaked significantly less than the GIC group (p < 0.05). The sealing ability of biodentine was better than that of MTA, but the difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Biodentine or MTA may be preferred over GIC as an intracanal barrier.

Clinical significance: Biodentine or MTA can be used in areas where an impervious seal has to be obtained. They can also be used to seal the perforations in the coronal middle and apical thirds of the root canal. These materials have an ability to form a barrier during apexification procedures.

Keywords: AH PLUS sealer, Biodentine, Glass ionomer cement, Intracanal sealing, Mineral trioxide aggregate.

How to cite this article: Navya RR, Shivamurthy GB. Comparing the Sealing Ability of Contemporary Restorative Materials. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):12-15.

Source of support: Nil

Conflicts of interest: None

 
8.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
An in vitro Comparison of the Effect of Three Different Endodontic Medicaments on the Bond Strength of a Resin-based Endodontic Sealer to the Root Canal Dentin
Vasundhara Shivanna, Ravi Bhargavi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:28-32] [No of Hits : 29]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0008 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Objectives: The aim of this study was to compare and evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide [Ca(OH)2], 2% chlorhexidine (CHX) gel, and propolis when used as intracanal medicaments on the bond strength of a resin-based sealer (AH Plus Jet; Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) to the root dentin.

Materials and methods: Sixty freshly extracted single-rooted human teeth were utilized for this study and the crowns were decoronated. The root canals were instrumented and randomized into four groups according to the medicament used: Group I: Control; group II: Ca(OH)2; group III: CHX; group IV: Propolis. The specimens were stored for 10 days in 100% humidity at 37°C, and the intracanal dressings were removed by rinsing with 10 mL of 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid followed by 10 mL of 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, then obturated with guttapercha and AH Plus Jet sealer. A push-out test to measure the bond strength between the root canal dentin and the sealer was done. Two-way analysis of variance and Tukey’s post hoc pairwise tests were used for statistical analysis.

Results: The use of intracanal medicaments had shown to significantly influence the push-out bond strengths of the resin sealer used (p < 0.05). At coronal and middle thirds, there was no significant difference in bond strengths among all the four groups (p > 0.05). At apical third, the mean bond strength value for propolis group was significantly superior when compared with the other three groups (p < 0.05). The CHX group showed higher bond strength values at apical third compared with Ca(OH)2 and control groups, but it was not significant (p > 0.05).

Conclusion: Propolis showed superior push-out bond strength than CHX, Ca(OH)2, and control groups at apical third, while no significant differences were observed among all the groups at coronal and middle thirds.

Keywords: AH Plus Jet, Bond strength, Calcium hydroxide, Chlorhexidine, Propolis, Push-out test.

How to cite this article: Shivanna V, Bhargavi R. An in vitro Comparison of the Effect of Three Different Endodontic Medicaments on the Bond Strength of a Resin-based Endodontic Sealer to the Root Canal Dentin. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):28-32

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
9.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Occurrence of Dental Abnormalities in Hemophilic Patients in the City of Davangere, Karnataka, India
NB Nagaveni, Sneha Yadav, P Poornima, KP Bharath, Mebin George Mathew, AS Shruthi
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:1-5] [No of Hits : 27]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0001 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study was carried out to determine the level of awareness about the importance of oral health in hemophilic children and their caretakers as well as to examine the oral condition in children with hemophilia and compare them to general population.

Materials and methods: A descriptive cross-sectional observational study was conducted in the city of Davangere. The study consists of total 100 children which were divided into group I —children having hemophilia (n = 50) and group II— normal healthy children (n = 50) of age 3 to 18 years. The oral cavity of both the groups was examined to assess to detect presence of any hard and soft tissue anomalies. By interviewing the parents of hemophilic patients, their demographic data, family history, and knowledge and understanding of value of oral health were assessed. Data were analyzed by chi-square and student’s unpaired t-test.

Results: No significant difference in the presence of oral anomalies in both the groups was observed.

Conclusion: The study concluded that there is no major difference in the prevalence of dental abnormalities in hemophilic and healthy children. Also, educating the mass about oral health and maintenance is as important as treating the hemophilic patient for oral diseases.

Keywords: Dental abnormalities, Hemophilia, Oral hygiene.

How to cite this article: Nagaveni NB, Yadav S, Poornima P, Bharath KP, Mathew MG, Shruthi AS. Occurrence of Dental Abnormalities in Hemophilic Patients in the City of Davangere, Karnataka, India. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):1-5.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
10.  ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Prevalence of Tobacco Habits in Dental Outpatients
Podutwar Priyanka Diliprao, GS Madhushankari, KP Mohankumar, SB Praveen, Pramod Redder Chandrappa, DB Nandini
[Year:2016] [Month:January-June] [Volume:8 ] [Number:1] [Pages:58] [Pages No:9-11] [No of Hits : 25]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10063-0003 | FREE

ABSTRACT

Background: Tobacco usage in any form has devastating effects on the health of the person including oral and pharyngeal cancer, which is one of the major causes of death.

Aim: This study aims to evaluate the prevalence of tobacco consumption in various forms among dental outpatients.

Materials and methods: Patients reporting to the outpatient department of the College of Dental Sciences, Davangere, Bengaluru, India, were evaluated for the presence or absence of habit. Habit history was recorded using standardized proforma from every patient, and the obtained data was assessed in relation to age, gender, duration of habit, and frequency of tobacco consumption.

Results: Among the 507 study participants, habits were present in 115 (22.68%), among which 101 (87.82%) were males and 14 (12.17%) were females. Among males, raw tobacco chewing and gutkha chewing had equal prevalence [25 (21.73%)] followed by cigarette smoking [23 (20%)]. In females, tobacco chewing [10 (8.69%)] was the most common habit and none of them smoked tobacco. Habits were more prevalent between the age group of 16 and 30 years. The results were found to be highly significant on applying chi-square test.

Conclusion: Higher prevalence of tobacco usage among the study population as compared with other studies needs to be addressed and counseled.

Keywords: Prevalence, Smoking, Tobacco chewing.

How to cite this article: Diliprao PP, Madhushankari GS, Mohankumar KP, Praveen SB, Chandrappa PR, Nandini DB. Prevalence of Tobacco Habits in Dental Outpatients. CODS J Dent 2016;8(1):9-11.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

 
   Previous |  Next  
Logo
 
     
 
© Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd.
logo